Elizabeth Renstrom for TIME
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46 Secular Companies That Don’t Want to Cover Employees’ Birth Control

May 31, 2017

As President Trump prepares to roll back an Affordable Care Act provision

President Donald Trump’s administration has drafted a rule that could allow religious employers to deny covering their employees birth control in their health insurance plans, the New York Times reported.

“We haven’t seen the rule yet, so we don’t know exactly what they’re doing,” Gretchen Borchelt, the vice president for reproductive rights and health at the National Women’s Law Center, told Motto in a phone interview on Tuesday. “But our concern is that it will be some sort of rule to give bosses the ability to use their religious beliefs to take birth control coverage away from women.”

The Trump rule, which Borchelt said the NWLC plans to fight in court once formally announced, would target a mandate in the Affordable Care Act that requires all employers to provide birth control, at no cost, to their employees. Democrats claimed in the Times that the mandate has benefitted over 50 million women.

But the mandate has been the focus of a spate of lawsuits, which argue that it violates the religious freedoms of business owners. While many of the challengers were religious organizations, many others were secularly-oriented businesses with leaders personally opposed to the order based on their individual religious beliefs. Craft store chain Hobby Lobby filed a lawsuit against the mandate, which made its way to the Supreme Court. In 2014, the nation’s high court ruled 5-4 in favor of Hobby Lobby and said that “closely held” religious for-profit companies had a right to refuse to pay for contraceptive coverage for their employees. (Most private companies are categorized as “closely held” companies, meaning that they are controlled and operated by a small group of shareholders. Over 90% of U.S. businesses are categorized as “closely held” and most are family businesses, according to Inc.)

“A woman deserves birth control no matter where she works. A boss’ religious beliefs shouldn’t be able to override that benefit,” Borchelt said. “They have been very public on the other side. It’s hard to find an individual willing to speak out because their jobs are at risk from speaking out publicly against their company. But we know those women are out there, we hear from them every day.”

And there’s a broad scope of the type of companies that have opposed the mandate in the past (the Daily Beast first outlined a list of 82 companies challenging the mandate in 2014).

Based on an up-to-date database from Becket Fund for Religious Liberty and a list published by the National Organization of Women in 2014, here are the secular companies that previously filed lawsuits that argued they shouldn’t be required to pay for birth control for their employees on religious grounds. Manufacturing was the most represented industry on the list, which also includes a handful of law firms, car dealerships and an organic food company. Click on the company name to see its lawsuit.)

  1. American MFG Co, pump manufacturing company
  2. American Pulverizer Company, systems manufacturer
  3. Annex Medical, medical device manufacturer
  4. Autocam Corp, precision components manufacturer
  5. Barron Industries, metalcasting manufacturer
  6. Beckwith Electric Co, electric company
  7. Bick Holdings, Inc, provides information technology services
  8. Cherry Creek Mortgage Co, mortgage company
  9. Conestoga Wood Specialities Corp, wood products manufacturer
  10. Continuum Health Partnership/Management, operates assisted living facilities
  11. Doboszenski & Sons, excavation company
  12. Dunstone Co., heat shrinkable polyester tape manufacturer
  13. Eden Foods, organic food company
  14. Electrolock Inc, composites or composite processing materials manufacturer
  15. Encompass, Develop, Design & Construct LLC, a construction company
  16. Feltl & Co., Inc., brokerage firm and investment banking firm
  17. Grote, LED light manufacturer
  18. Hart Electric LLC, electric company
  19. Hastings Automotive, car dealership
  20. Hercules Industries Inc., heating and air conditioning manufacturer
  21. Hobby Lobby, arts and craft store chain
  22. Holland Chevrolet, West Virginia car dealership
  23. Infrastructure Alternatives, water and wastewater treatment provider
  24. Johnson Welded Products, motor vehicle parts manufacturer
  25. Korte & Luitjohan Contractors, commercial contractor
  26. Lindsay Rappaport and Postel LLC, civil litigation law firm
  27. M&N Plastics, plastic injection molded products supplier
  28. Mersino Management Company, dewatering and pumping services provider
  29. Midwest Fastener Corp, fastener manufacturer
  30. MK Chambers Company, machining manufacturer
  31. O’Brien Industrial Holdings, manufacturing holdings company
  32. Ozinga, concrete products supplier
  33. QC Group Inc., engineering service company
  34. Randy Reed Automotives, portfolio of auto dealerships
  35. Seneca Hardwood, hardwood floor manufacturer
  36. Sharpe Holdings, Inc., holdings company that owns a variety of businesses, including restaurants, welding shop and graphic design firm
  37. Sioux Chief MFG Co, plumbing manufacturing company
  38. SMA LLC, agricultural and industrial construction company
  39. Stinson Electric, electric company
  40. Tonn and Blank Construction, building construction company
  41. Trijicon, Inc., optical sighting devices for firearm manufacturer
  42. Triune Health Group, health care company
  43. Weingartz Supply Co, outdoor power equipment manufacturer
  44. Willis & Willis PLC, law firm
  45. WLH Enterprises, saw mill
  46. Zumbiel, packaging company

This post will be updated.